Knowledge: Spark Plug History, Rooted in Raceway
This important car component, spark plug was first invented by Edmond Berger on February 2, 1839 in France. In it’s early time around 1900’s, spark plugs from France dominated the global market.
Then there was Albert Champion, automotive enthusiast born in France in 1878, who emigrated to the United States of America to attend a number of races. But in those days it was difficult to get parts in America. So he finally decided to produce his own components, including spark plugs and then selling it to his friends to cover the costs.
After that, the development of spark plugs in America was getting more interesting. In 1911 Electric Autolite, a generators manufacturer began operating. In 1927 Electric Autolite acquired Prest-O Lite Battery campony, a battery manufacturers. Since then they decided to jump in to automotive components business and began producing spark plugs, led by Robert Twells, a ceramics engineer.
Autolite instantly got success and became a supplier for a number of car manufacturers in that period. Such as Chrysler, Studebaker, Packard and Willys. In 1940, Autolite even started producing advertising and sponsoring CBS TV program in 1950s.
Autolite has now become one of the famous American brand. Their products are sold in the United States, Canada, Mexico, Australia and Asia. Autolite now manufactured and marketed by FRAM Group, LLC, a company based in Auckland, New Zealand. Not only dominate the common and passenger market, since April 2000, Autolite became official spark plugs for the biggest race in America, NASCAR.
Text: Autochem Team
Types of Materials Spark Plug
Different materials, different Strength
From the variety of materials used, each spark plug would have the advantages of each. One of them is the hardness of the materials used. The aim is that the plugs have a high boiling point in the electrical conductivity and durability in use on the vehicle. Here, the types of materials used spark plugs following advantages.
Copper spark plugs are rarely used even though it does not mean not good, just that this material has a boiling power very quickly and simply be able to withstand the heat in 1.082˚ Celsius. Even so, these plugs have a quick release excess heat. So when the vehicle stops, this spark plug quickly cool and fast too hot back when the vehicle is turned on. It is clear also, in terms of price is cheaper plugs.
Spark plugs with nickel alloy materials arguably more durable than plugs made of copper. The spark plug has a boiling point of up to ± 1.455˚ Celsius. In terms of pricing too, is quite affordable. In addition, this spark plug also has a pretty good durability, which can be used between 20,000 km to 40,000 km.
Until now, the iridium spark plug has the best performance with a boiling point up to 2.242˚ Celsius. Thus, the spark plug is widely used for racing. Because, in addition to having a high boiling point, spark plugs with iridium material also has the ability to deliver the most power good so far. Its useful life is also capable of reaching 60,000 Km.
Spark plugs with platinum instead of no better than iridium. Although the boiling point under iridium spark plugs, but these plugs have a better durability of iridium. In addition, this spark plug also has electrical conductivity is very good, so it will help us improve combustion and improve the fuel efficiency. Not only that, it also claimed to have a spark plug durability up to 100,000 Km. AI
When The Car Broke Down Because of the Spark Plug Problem
HERE'S HOW TO CHECK, SPARK PLUG DEAD OR NOT?
For most car owners, must have experienced car broke down in the middle of the road. One of the triggering factors that often occur, because the performance of the spark plug is not maximal. However, given the number of spark plugs in cars more than one, to determine the troubled spark plug should certainly be checked. The trick? As a simple guide, can do some of the following.
Like the saying: willing umbrella before it rains. That is, before experiencing car broke down in the middle of the road, it is better to anticipate. Perform regular maintenance, obligatory. Moreover, the vehicle did we use for daily activities. Treatment was conducted to determine the component parts that ability has begun to weaken. One of the devices that must be checked, so that the spark plug.
Because his job is very important, plugs relied upon to help the combustion process in the combustion chamber through the spark is generated. At the center of the spark plugs, the electrodes are connected by wires to the ignition coil (ignition coil) outside of the spark plug, and the ground at the bottom of the spark plug, forming a spark gap inside the cylinder.
From the above, of course you can imagine, what if suddenly in one of the spark plugs in the car are not working properly. In addition to causing the vehicle engine off, also can cause the vehicle's engine suddenly becomes mbrebet (choked) when the car in running condition or so-called burning a limp.
So before that happens, you should be diligent to check the performance of the spark plug. Moreover, if the period of use of the spark plug has been exceeded. "For a car that has platinum, generally when the old car is 25 thousand km, while the new car around 95-100 thousand km. But this depends on the use of the car as well, "said Akhie, Mahkota Mobil mechanic in the area Ciledug Raya, Banten.
Then, how do I check the spark plug, is still normal or not? "Very simple, because the spark plugs in cars have one single cylinder spark plug wires. To check, we can do to lift half of the spark plugs one at a cable connected to the spark plug in the condition of the engine. If suddenly the engine off when the spark plug removed one by one, it will be found where the spark plugs that are not functioning properly," said Dadan, Dewi Motor mechanic at Bintaro Trade Centre, South Jakarta.
Moreover, still according to Dadan, there is one more step that is effective enough to anticipate strike and hassles on the road. What is that? "Instead, always keep a spare spark plugs in your car. Because the factors that trigger the spark to die of any variety. One product that can be relied upon Autolite. In addition to complete its variants, durability and ability to sprinkle the fire also more perfect. "AI
SELECT STANDARD, IRIDIUM OR PLATINUM?
There are many ways to improve your car's performance. From the simple to the economic fund, up to the extreme and needed funds like crazy. But for car owners who refuse to be bothered, usually select the first option called earlier. How, by replacing the spark plug with a standard that has a specification 'special' (read: platinum, iridium). Okay, but before replacing spark plugs, you should first understand the following points.
Sure, when it comes to acceleration on standard vehicles used daily, sometimes every person has their own opinion. There is a feeling is enough, there are also still dissatisfied. The way is often done by swapping the spark plugs. "Yes, in addition to simple and practical, because it does not need to dismantle or damage the machine, the cost is also relatively affordable," said Ayu Rizkia, users Daihatsu Ayla production in 2014.
As mentioned above. The way it could and should be done. But before deciding to use this type of spark plugs, we also must be careful to be the function and usefulness of the spark plug itself. Customize your character and level of compression engine and engine capacity of the vehicle. It certainly did not let me in vain for you.
1. Standard Spark Plug
This type of spark plugs is usually the manufacturer's recommendations. The spark plug does not have a plus to be invited to accelerate, because the ability has been calculated according to the needs of everyday cars. However, the spark plug has a service life of relatively older and able to generate more stable stationary machines. This type of spark plug more leverage is used for low and medium engine rotation.
2. Platinum Spark Plug Type
Classified as hot plugs and can also be said to be semi-racing. Say so, because the tip of the spark plug electrodes are designed slightly taper compared to standard plugs. This type of spark plug is not much different with the use of standard plug, but the difference in power a little more responsive to lower rpm. The spark plug has relatively little lifespan shorter than a standard spark plug. If calculated in accordance continuous usage, these plugs can last 3-4 months.
3. Iridium Spark Plug Type
Including cold type spark plug and spark plug can be said of racing that is usually used at high rpm. For this type of spark plugs, the engine is able to produce an aggressive acceleration and high. Shortness towing vehicle also was a long, top speed is longer, but it is easy to come by. This type plugs weakness when used for daily, stationary engines will be slightly less stable. On the use in standard machines or machines that have lower compression rate, age plugs will be very short.
How, already have an idea about replacing the spark plugs? "Oh yes, for the standard engine types and for daily use, you should use the spark plug type and original factory default. While platinum and iridium spark plugs are even more suitable for use in a high compression engine car or a car that has a large cc above 2,000 cc," Obviously Ahmat Fadli, a car mechanic: Makmur Sejahtera. AI
Maximum combustion, Power More Responsive
Ignition systems are often problematic, one of which is sourced from the spark plug that is less good. The reason for this kind of a standard spark plug factory default, the electrode is still relying on a flat shape. It is certainly different from iridium spark plug type! This type has electrodes are tapered at the ends, such as iridium spark plugs Autolite XP Iridium. In addition to produce a flame more evenly, not too wide.
Iridium spark plug electrode section is composed of iridium and rhodium material has a relatively high heat Traffic to its highest temperature. The use of iridium spark plugs is often applied to cars that have been modified in the machine. But that does not mean the standard car can not use iridium spark plugs types.
In fact, from some user and automotive experts also said that by using iridium spark plugs as Autolite XP Iridium, can boost power significantly. It was certainly due to the combustion process to be more precise and efficient, increasing the combustion gas response, life 10 times more durable than standard plugs, as well as improve the quality of exhaust emissions. If you already use iridium spark plugs, fuel used should be a high octane, eg RON92.
"Performance iridium spark plugs will be perfectly used on standard cars already high compression engines, plus RON 92 octane gasoline," said Ajat, mechanical Twin Garage in East Bekasi district. "Oh yes, its performance will be felt again if the spark plug of this type is used in a car that has embraced direct coil system (one spark plug of the coil), "added Ajat.
Want your car's performance more perfect? Use the iridium spark plugs: Autolite XP Iridium! AI